Rohnert Park, CA (PressExposure) June 26, 2009 -- There are many kinds of drugs today that can cause addiction when taken abusively. Popular illicit drugs such as morphine were once used to relieve pain. In fact, it was popularly used in World War II as a pain reliever. However, it is now considered as one of the most addictive forms of drugs. Other drugs may also induce addiction if left unmonitored. These drugs may also include popular prescription drugs and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. Here is a list of drugs and other psychoactive substances that may induce addiction.
* Amphetamine and Methamphetamine - Amphetamines, such as methamphetamine, are addictive especially when injected or smoked. While not life-threatening, withdrawal is often intense and, as with all addictions, relapse is common.
* Caffeine - Present in all kinds of coffee and tea, caffeine is mostly considered among the world's most widely consumed psychoactive substance. However, unlike many other psychoactive substances it is legal and unregulated in nearly all jurisdictions.
* Cocaine - It is both a stimulant of the central nervous system and an appetite suppressant. Because of the way it affects the mesolimbic reward pathway, cocaine is addictive. According to California drug rehab center specialists, cocaine addiction can result in physiological damage, lethargy, psychosis, depression, or a potentially fatal overdose.
* Nicotine - Low concentrations of nicotine are usually found in cigarettes. According to California drug rehab center specialists, the pharmacological and behavioral characteristics that determine tobacco addiction are similar to those that determine addiction to drugs such as heroin and cocaine.
* Alcohol - Excessive consumption of alcohol may lead to alcoholism or alcohol addiction. According to California drug rehab center therapists, the primary effect of alcoholism is to encourage the sufferer to drink at times and in amounts that are damaging to physical health. The secondary damage caused by an inability to control one's drinking manifests in many ways.
* Barbiturates - Often used as mild sedation to anesthesia. However, they have addiction potential, both physical and psychological.
* Benzodiazepine - Used for anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, and amnesic properties. Though popular for its medical use, long term use is not recommended due to their propensity to cause tolerance, physical dependence, addiction and a withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use.
* Methaqualone - This is a sedative drug that is similar in effect to barbiturates, a general CNS depressant.
* Morphine - Like other opioids, e.g. oxycodone, hydromorphone, and diacetylmorphine (heroin), morphine acts directly on the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Morphine has a high potential for addiction. Tolerance, physical dependence, and psychological dependence develop rapidly.
* Codeine - It is an opiate used for its analgesic, antitussive, and antidiarrheal properties. Codeine can be used as a recreational drug. However, it has much less abuse potential than some other opiates or opioids, such as oxycodone and hydrocodone.
* Heroin - Aa semi-synthetic opioid drug synthesized from morphine, heroin is used as both a pain-killer and a recreational drug and has high potential for abuse.