Rohnert Park, CA (PressExposure) May 14, 2009 -- Aside from known drug abuse such as cocaine, heroin, and other prescription drugs, psychoactive substances such as alcohol have been consumed abusively. Professionals of different alcohol rehab center have come to consider it as a form of addiction. Several approaches had been formed to help and assist patients who are determined to stop their alcoholism, such as the Disease Model of Addiction, Psychoanalytic approach proposed by Sigmund Feud, the Twelve-Step Program founded by Alcoholics Anonymous, and more. One approach widely used today is the Client-Centered Approach.
Client-Centered Approach, also known as Person-Centered Approach or Rogerian Psychotherapy, was introduced and popularized by psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 1950s. Considered as one of the most widely used models in mental health and psychotherapy, the client-centered approach has become an asset of several alcohol rehab center throughout the US. This approach proposes that there are three necessary and sufficient conditions for personal change: unconditional positive regard, accurate empathy, and genuineness. Rogers believed the presence of these three items in the therapeutic relationship could help an individual overcome any troublesome issue, including alcohol abuse.
The client-centered approach is used to help a person achieve personal growth and/or come to terms with a specific event or problem they are having. Client-Centered Approach is based on the principle of talking therapy and is a non-directive approach. The therapist encourages the patient to express their feelings and does not suggest how the person might wish to change, but by listening and then mirroring back what the patient reveals to them, helps them to explore and understand their feelings for themselves. The patient is then able to decide what kind of changes they would like to make and can achieve personal growth.
Although this technique has been criticized by many for its lack of structure and set of methods, it has proved to be a hugely effective and popular treatment, both for drug and alcohol addition. Client-centered approach is predominantly used by certain types of psychologists and counselors in psychotherapy and on different alcohol rehab center across the US. To make it simple, in a client centered therapy, the therapist's role is mainly to act as a facilitator and to provide a comfortable environment, rather than to drive and direct therapy outcomes.