Knoxville, TN (PressExposure) July 17, 2009 -- Cocaine is known as one of the most addictive drugs across the world. Historically, cocaine was used as a topical anesthetic in eye and nasal surgery, until researchers later found out about its highly potent addictive properties. Because of the way it affects the mesolimbic reward pathway, cocaine is addictive. Currently, its possession, cultivation, and distribution are illegal for non-medicinal and non-government sanctioned purposes in virtually all parts of the world. Although its free commercialization is illegal and has been severely penalized in virtually all countries, its use worldwide remains widespread in many social, cultural, and personal settings.
Several treatments have been formed and used by multiple therapists and professionals to treat cocaine dependence or addiction. Popular adult and adolescent addiction treatment includes the use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) combined with Motivational Therapy (MT). Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to influence dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure whereas Motivational Therapy, or MT, is a combination of humanistic treatment and enhanced cognitive-behavioral strategies, designed to treat substance abuse, including cocaine. The use of both CBT and MT is known to be effective in treating drug addiction such as cocaine and alcoholism.
Medications are already being tested as an adult and adolescent addiction treatment for cocaine. Cocaine vaccines are on trial that will stop desirable effects from the drug. The National Institutes of Health of US, particularly National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is researching modafinil, a narcolepsy drug and mild stimulant, as a potential cocaine treatment.
Another popular and widely used adult and adolescent addiction treatment for any kind of addiction, including cocaine addiction, is the Twelve-Step Program. Twelve-step programs such as Cocaine Anonymous (modeled on Alcoholics Anonymous) are claimed by participants to be helpful in achieving long-term abstinence. However, the 12 step based programs have no statistically-measurable effect and does not release any quantifiable measure of its success rates.
Even with the number of treatments currently in use today, cocaine addiction continues to be the most difficult to manage, and according to some scientists, addiction to cocaine may be almost impossible to stop. Relapse rates among cocaine users is in the range of 94-99%, the highest among all common drugs of abuse.