Knoxville, TN (PressExposure) July 31, 2009 -- Treatment to addiction are wide and varied. There are treatments that address a specific form of addiction, either physically or psychologically. Physical addiction or dependence is usually treated by using different kinds of medications. Popular ones include the use of methadone and buprenorphine, which is done as substitutes for illicit opioid drugs such as heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, oxymorphone, fentanyl or other opioids. Psychological addiction or dependence, however, makes use of therapy or group therapy sessions where the therapist accurately pinpoints the main cause of addiction and helps the patient to overcome their addiction.
According to several adolescent drug treatment centers, both therapy and the use of medication are sometimes combined to produce a more successful treatment for drug addiction. This is usually practiced when a patient undergoes drug detoxification or detox.
Drug detoxifcation is a collection of different interventions directed at controlling acute drug intoxication and drug withdrawal. Detoxification programs do not necessarily treat the other implications of drug addiction: namely, psychological aspects of addiction, social factors, and the often complex behavioral issues that are intermingled with addiction. Usually, drug detoxification makes use of drugs. One in particular is naltrexone. Naltrexone, although a medication used for alcoholism, is now applied for drug detox, commonly used in rapid detoxification.
The last step of drug detox process usually is to ready the patient for the actual recovery process. According to several adolescent drug treatment centers, drug detoxification only deals with the physical dependency and addiction to drugs. It does not address the psychological aspects of drug addiction. This stage entails obtaining agreement from the patient to complete the process by enrolling in a drug rehabilitation program. One in particular is the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to influence dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure. There is empirical evidence that CBT is effective for the treatment of a variety of problems, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, psychotic disorders, particularly with substance abuse. According to multiple adolescent drug treatment centers, treatment is often brief, and time-limited. CBT is used in individual therapy as well as group settings, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help applications. Some CBT therapies are more orientated towards predominantly cognitive interventions, while others are more behaviorally oriented.