London, United Kingdom (PressExposure) February 16, 2012 -- Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have enabled millions of people in the world to have biological children who otherwise would not have been able to do so. According to the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology, more than three million babies have been born using ART worldwide in the last 30 years, enabling infertile women and men; single women and men; and lesbian, gay, and transgender couples to form genetically-related families.
These new technologies have transformed the way we view reproduction. While they have created new hopeful possibilities, they also require that we pay attention to issues of health, ethics, law, and policy. Key concerns include: lack of access; health effects on women and children; potential for devaluation of the lives of people with disabilities; limitations on use by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, and intersex individuals and couples; dangers of selecting characteristics of children; the commercial environment surrounding ART; and the nature of regulation in the US and other countries.
People are motivated to use ART to have a genetically related child, and circumstances vary widely: couples in which one person is infertile; lesbian couples; gay male couples; a couple in which one or both partners are transgender; single straight, queer and trans women and men; women undergoing chemotherapy; women who want to delay childbearing; and couples who want to use pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to screen against disability or for sex. As genetic screening becomes more popular, affordable, and able to test for a greater number of characteristics, it is possible that more people who are not infertile will use in vitro fertilization and PGD in order to select characteristics of their children.
There are various types of assisted reproduction technology. At least four of these types are now commonly applied in the treatment of infertility. There is now a new purpose for these assisted reproductive processes. This is the improvement or the alteration of the genetic makeup of the future child to produce a healthier offspring. This is recommended when one or both of the husband and wife have an illness that can be transferred to the child through their genes. This is one of the main reasons why every individual must go through periodic checkups to avoid unnecessary sufferings for both the parents and the newborn. Assisted reproductive technology is an expensive procedure, so it is wise that you use it appropriately.
If you want to find out and read more about it, go to http://assistedreproductivetechnology.info