3418 Public Works Drive Knoxville, Tn, (PressExposure) May 12, 2009 -- Alcoholism is one of the many forms of addiction that can happen to all ages, from adolescent to adults. Treatments for alcoholics have been developed by several doctors and psychiatrists to help these people overcome their addiction to alcohol. Among these treatments, group therapy and psychotherapy are the most commonly used, especially for adolescent alcohol treatment.
Group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small number of clients together as a group. The term can legitimately refer to any form of psychotherapy when delivered in a group format, including Cognitive behavioral therapy or Interpersonal therapy. Interpersonal therapy is usually applied to psychodynamic group therapy where the group context and group process is explicitly utilized as a mechanism of change by developing, exploring and examining interpersonal relationships within the group. This is also considered as the perfect adolescent alcohol treatment by many psychiatrists.
Group therapy can form part of the therapeutic milieu of a psychiatric in-patient unit or ambulatory psychiatric Partial hospitalization (also known as Day Hospital treatment). In addition to classical "talking" therapy, group therapy in an institutional setting can also include group-based expressive therapies such as drama therapy, psychodrama, art therapy, and non-verbal types of therapy such as music therapy.
A form of group therapy has been reported to be effective as adolescent alcohol treatment and recovering addicts. Projective group therapy uses an outside text such as a novel or motion picture to provide a "stable delusion" for the former cohort and a safe focus for repressed and suppressed emotions or thoughts in the latter.
Patient groups read a novel or collectively view a film. They then participate collectively in the discussion of plot, character motivation and author motivation. In the case of films, sound track,cinematography and background are also discussed and processed. Under the guidance of the therapist, defense mechanisms are bypassed by the use of signifiers and semiotic processes. The focus remains on the text rather than on personal issues.
Most outcome research is carried out using time-limited therapy with diagnostically homogenous groups. However, long-term intensive interactional group psychotherapy assumes diverse and diagnostically heterogeneous group membership, and an open-ended time scale for therapy. Good outcomes have also been demonstrated for this form of group therapy.