Rohnert Park, CA (PressExposure) June 08, 2009 -- Morphine is one of the most common form of opioid drugs used by addicts today. According to a number of drug rehabs and California drug rehab center, morphine is known as a highly potent opiate analgesic drug, which is also the principal active agent in opium, and is considered to be the prototypical opioid. Like other opioids, such as oxycodone, hydromorphone, and diacetylmorphine (heroin), morphine acts directly on the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain.
Morphine is a potentially highly addictive substance, as it can cause psychological dependence and physical dependence as well as tolerance. It has according to a number of studies,have remained nearly constant at one case in 150 to 200 for at least two centuries. iatrogenic morphine addiction rates an addiction potential identical to that of heroin. When used illicitly, a very serious narcotic habit can develop in a matter of weeks whereas
It has been cited by professionals in different California drug rehab center, if the presence of pain and the other disorders for which morphine is indicated for use, a combination of psychological and physiological factors tend to prevent true addiction from developing. Although physical dependence and tolerance will develop with protracted opioid therapy, thesenot add up to addiction without psychological dependence which manifests primarily as a morbid seek orientation for the drug. two factors do
The withdrawal symptoms associated with morphine addiction are usually experienced shortly before the time of the next scheduled dose, sometimes within as early as a few hours (usually between 6â12 hours) after the last administration. Early symptoms include watery eyes, insomnia, diarrhea, runny nose, yawning, dysphoria, sweating and in some cases, a strong drug craving.
Severe headache, restlessness, irritability, loss of appetite, body aches, severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, tremors, and even stronger and more intense drug craving appear as the syndrome progresses. Severe depression and vomiting are very common. During the acute withdrawal period systolic and diastolic blood pressure increase, usually beyond pre-morphine levels, and heart rate increases, which could potentially cause a heart attack, blood clot, or stroke.
Chills or cold flashes with goose bumps ("cold turkey") alternating with flushing (hot flashes), kicking movements of the legs and excessive sweating are also characteristic symptoms. Severe pains in the bones and muscles of the back and extremities occur, as do muscle spasms. At any point during this process, a suitable narcotic can be administered that will dramatically reverse the withdrawal symptoms.
Several California drug rehab center across the state have cited that major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 96 hours after the last dose and subside after about 8 to 12 days. Sudden withdrawal by heavily dependent users who are in poor health is very rarely fatal. Morphine withdrawal is considered less dangerous than alcohol, barbiturate, or benzodiazepine withdrawal.