Physical and Psychological Dependency Treatment in Drug Rehabilitation

3418 Public Works Drive Knoxville, Tn, (PressExposure) May 12, 2009 -- Drug rehabilitation, otherwise known as adult and adolescent drug rehab, is a term used by professionals to refer to the different treatments used for people that developed chronic dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and so-called street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. The goal of this rehabilitation is to help patients to completely stop their dependency to alcohol and drug.

According to specialists, drug rehabilitation tends to address the two nature of drug and alcohol dependency, the physical and psychological dependency.

Physical Drug Dependency Treatment

Physical dependency involves a detoxification process to cope with withdrawal symptoms from regular use of a drug. There are currently two types of detoxification that adult and adolescent drug rehab use today. These two are given below.

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Alcohol Detoxification - A process by which a heavy drinker's system is brought back to normal after being used to having alcohol in the body on a continual basis.

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Drug Detoxification - Is used to reduce or relieve withdrawal symptoms while helping the addicted individual adjust to living without drug use. It is not meant to treat addiction but rather to serve as an early step in a long-term treatment.

With regular use of many drugs, legal or otherwise, the brain gradually adapts to the presence of the drug so the desired effect is minimal. Apparently normal functioning of the user may be observed, despite being under the influence of the drug. This is how physical tolerance develops to drugs such as heroin, amphetamines, cocaine, nicotine or alcohol. It also explains why more of the drug is needed to get the same effect with regular use. The abrupt cessation of taking a drug can lead to withdrawal symptoms where the body may take weeks or months (depending on the drug involved) to return to normal.

Psychological Drug Dependency Treatment

Psychological dependency is addressed in many drug rehabilitation programs by attempting to teach the patient new methods of interacting in a drug-free environment. In particular, patients are generally encouraged or required not to associate with friends who still use the addictive substance. One successful method to treat a patient's psychological dependency to drug and alcohol is the Twelve-Step Program. The Twelve-Step Program encourages addicts not only to stop using alcohol or other drugs but to examine and change habits related to their addictions. Many programs emphasize recovery as a permanent process without culmination. For legal drugs such as alcohol, complete abstention—rather than attempts at moderation, which unfortunately may lead to relapse—is also emphasized. Whether moderation is achievable by those with a history of abuse remains a controversial point. It is however, generally considered unsustainable.

Types of Treatments

Various types of programs offer help in adult and adolescent drug rehab, including residential treatment (in-patient), out-patient, local support groups, extended care centers, and recovery or sober houses. Newer rehab centers offer age and gender specific programs.

About Self-employed

Donna Sparks is a Professor and a Consultant Physician. Other than her clinical and local teaching commitments, she also continues to enjoy the privileges of research, writing and lecturing.


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Press Release Submitted On: May 11, 2009 at 9:34 pm
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