Knoxville, TN (PressExposure) June 09, 2009 -- Different drug and alcohol rehabilitation or teenage treatment centers employ different kinds of treatments to help their patients stop their dependence. This is done while leading them and teaching them to get on the right path away from addiction. These treatments usually involveinvolve medications, or also known as pharmacotherapies. treatment for physical dependency and psychological dependency. Physical treatments commonly
Medications used for addiction vary based on the psychoactive substance the patient is addicted to. For opioid dependence, medications such as methadone and more recently,buprenorphine, are widely used to treat addiction and dependence on other opioids such as heroin, morphine or oxycodone. These kinds of drugs work by reducing the appetite for and need to take heroin. They also provide cross-tolerance and block the euphoric effects of other opioids such as heroin, fentanyl, hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone, and morphine or codeine, thus greatly reducing the motivation of patients to use them.
For alcoholism, the use of medications such as Antabuse has the same effects as those used for opioid dependence, but in a much more drastic way. Antabuse prevents the elimination of acetaldehyde, a chemical the body produces when breaking down ethanol. Acetaldehyde itself is the cause of many hangover symptoms from alcohol use. The overall effect is severe discomfort when alcohol is ingested: an extremely fast-acting and long-lasting uncomfortable hangover. This discourages an alcoholic from drinking in significant amounts while they take the medicine. A recent 9-year study found that incorporation of supervised disulfiram and a related compound carbamide into a comprehensive treatment program resulted in an abstinence rate of over 50%.
For psychological dependency, the use of therapy or group therapy has been popularly used in teenage treatment centers. One method used today to treat both drug and alcohol addiction is a group therapy called the Twelve-Step Program.
Twelve-Step Program Treatment for Psychological Dependency
The Twelve-Step Program is usually used after a detoxification process, particularly with drug addiction. This method is used to prevent a recurrence. A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems. The method was then adapted and became the foundation of other adult or teenage treatment centers including other organizations such as Narcotics Anonymous, Overeaters Anonymous, Co-Dependents Anonymous and Debtors Anonymous.
As summarized by the American Psychological Association, the process involves the following: *admitting that one cannot control one's addiction or compulsion; *recognizing a greater power that can give strength; *examining past errors with the help of a sponsor (experienced member); *making amends for these errors; *learning to live a new life with a new code of behavior;
*helping others that suffer from the same addictions or compulsions.