Rohnert Park, CA (PressExposure) June 17, 2009 -- One of the top problems in any society these days is drug abuse and addiction. Thereâs wide range of definitions when it comes to drug abuse and addiction. According to a California drug rehab center, this could be related to any use of a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect.
A California drug rehab center said that use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, psychological, and social harm. Although whatâs legal and whatâs not differ in each country, most countries have basic similarities. An expert from a California drug rehab center enumerated some examples of these substances. The three most commonly used drugs are discussed below.
Although there are many forms of alcohol, the basic form of most alcohol including alcoholic beverages, is ethanol. Alcoholic beverages are consumed in almost every country. Laws often involve regulation of alcohol consumption and the minimum age to be allowed to drink alcohol. Some countries who allow the youngest age are Denmark with 15 years, Germany with 14 years, and most European and Scandinavian countries with 16 years. Most countries have set the minimum at 18 years.
Alcohol is considered a psychoactive drug with a depressant effect. Too much alcohol in the bloodstream reduces attention and slows reaction speed. Just like other psychoactive drugs, alcohol is addictive and addiction to alcohol is often called alcoholism.
This is a psycho stimulant drug which is known for producing increased wakefulness and focus in association with decreased fatigue and appetite. Amphetamine is closely related to other drugs like methamphetamine and dextroamphetamine. These drugs induce euphoria by increasing the levels of norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine in the brain. Although it is an addictive drug, it is also used to treat several conditions like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, symptoms of traumatic brain injury, and daytime drowsiness symptoms of narcolepsy, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Some people also use it as an appetite suppressant to control weight, as a recreational drug, and as a performance enhancer.
This drug acts as central nervous system depressants whose wide range of effects includes mild sedation and anesthesia. Barbiturates are also effective as anxiolytics, hypnotics, and anticonvulsants. They are highly addictive but have a great overdose potential.