China's Rare Earth Dominance: "The Middle East Has its Oil, and China Has Rare Earth"

Noida, India (PressExposure) August 02, 2011 -- China currently has a monopoly over the global rare earth elements market accounting for 97% of the global production and 50% of the global reserves. In a language referring to the energy crises of the seventies, former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping had stated in a 1992 speech, "the Middle East has its oil, and China has rare earth.

IMARC Group, one of the worlds's leading research and advisory firms in its new report entitled "The Global Rare Earth Elements Market 2011-2015: Is the Hype Justified?" finds that China's awareness on its rare earth monopoly has driven it to exploit political mileage from the situation on various instances. According to the report, in September 2010, China halted its entire rare earth exports to Japan when they arrested the captain of a Chinese fishing boat which had collided with two Japanese patrol vessels in disputed territorial waters. Similarly, In October 2010, Chinese authorities stopped all rare earth shipments for ten days, effectively rupturing trade to the US and Europe.

The report cited China's low production and processing costs as one of the main factors driving the country's dominance in this market. The reports found numerous factors behind china's low production and processing costs. These included cheap labor, lack of proper regulations related to working conditions/environment and a strong government support. China's strong in-house expertise was also regarded as a major reason behind its rare earth monopoly. Findings suggested that current capabilities to process rare earth elements into finished products are currently limited mainly to Chinese sources. China currently had a significant advantage over other rare earth producing countries in terms of mining, separation, refining, alloying, and purification of rare earths

Key Aspects Analyzed in this Report:

Understanding the Mining Economics of Rare Earth Elements:

Focus of the Analysis:

• Rare earth mine valuation

• Stages and time taken to develop and start production at a rare earth mine

• The total costs involved in rare earth mining

• Mining and downstream processing of rare earth elements

• Rare earth element pricing

Understanding China's Role in the Global Rare Earth Elements Market:

Focus of the Analysis:

• China's role in the global supply and demand of rare earth elements

• Reasons for China's dominance

• China's current and future supply strategies

Comprehensive Situation Analysis of the Global Rare Earth Elements Market:

Focus of the analysis:

• Quantifying the historical sales and production of rare earth elements

• Identification and evaluation of current global rare earth mines

• Identification and evaluation of mines expected to begin production in the next five years

• Current and future consumption of rare earth elements

Evaluating the Supply and Demand of Various Rare Earth Elements:

Focus of the analysis:

• Quantifying the production of each element from current and future mines

• Quantifying the current and future demand of each element

• Historical, current and future prices of each element

• Evaluating the supply risks of each element and its importance for clean technology

• Identification of critically undersupplied and oversupplied rare earth elements

Evaluating the Demand of Rare Earth Elements in Various Industries

Focus of the analysis:

• Quantifying the current and future size of each Industry

• Quantifying the current and future demands of rare earth elements in each industry

• Identification of industries having the highest demand of rare earth elements.

Information Sources:

Information has been sourced from both primary and secondary sources:

• Primary sources include industry surveys and face to face/telephone interviews with industry experts.

• Secondary sources include proprietary databases and search engines. These sources include company websites and reports, books, trade journals, magazines, white papers, industry portals, government sources and access to more than 4000 paid databases.

Table of contents:

1. Research Methodology & Market Definitions

2. Executive Summary

3. What are Rare Earth Elements?

4. Rare Earth Elements: Are They Really Rare?

4.1 Reserve & Reserve Base Estimates

4.2 How Long will they Last?

5. Rare Earth Elements: Mining Economics

5.1 Mine Valuation: Grades & Composition are Key

5.2 Development of a New Project: Can Take Several Years

5.3 Rare Earth Mining Costs: Largely Location and Grade Dependent

5.3.1 Infrastructure & Capital Costs

5.3.2 Operating Costs

5.4 Mining & Processing

5.4.1 Mining

5.4.2 Downstream Processing

5.5 Prices: Have Risen Several Fold in Recent Years

5.5.1 Factors Affecting Rare Earth Element Prices

5.5.2 Historical Prices

5.5.3 Pricing Forecast

6. China's Role in the Global Rare Earth Elements Market

6.1 China Has a Monopoly Over Rare Earth Elements

6.2 Mining Costs in China Are Significantly Lower Than Other Rare Earth Producers

6.3 Miners Have Benefitted from the Lack of Proper Working Standards and Environmental Regulations

6.4 China Has a Significantly Higher In-house Expertise Compared to Other Rare Earth Producers

6.5 China is Decreasing Export Quotas as its Own Domestic Demand is Expected to Outstrip Supply

6.6 China Aims to Become an Exporter of Higher Value Goods

7. The Global Rare Earth Elements Market

7.1 Total Sales & Production of Rare Earth Elements

7.2 Production of Rare Earth Elements by Region

7.2.1 Current Operational Mines Bayan Obo, China Longnan, China Xunwu, China India Eastern Coast, Brazil Lahat, Malaysia

7.2.2 Potential New Projects Mt. Weld, Australia Mountain Pass, United States Nolans, Australia Steenkampskraal, South Africa Nechalacho, Canada Kvanefjeld, Greenland Dong Pao, Vietnam Dubbo Zirconia, Australia

7.3 Consumption of Rare Earth Elements by Region

7.3.1 China

7.3.2 Japan & Northeast Asia

7.3.3 US

8. Supply & Demand of Individual Rare Earth Elements

8.1 Elements that will Face Supply Shortages in the Near Future

8.1.1 Terbium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.1.2 Dysprosium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.1.3 Neodymium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.1.4 Europium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.2 Elements That Will Be Oversupplied in the Near Future

8.2.1 Yttrium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.2.2 Lanthanum Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.2.3 Cerium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.2.4 Praseodymium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

8.2.5 Samarium Element Overview & Supply Risks Supply & Demand

9. Market by Application (2010-2015)

9.1 Magnets

9.2 NiMH Batteries

9.3 Auto Catalysts

9.4 Diesel Engines

9.5 Fluid Cracking Catalysts (FCC)

9.6 Phosphers

9.7 Glass

9.8 Polishing Powders

9.9 Other Applications

10. Overcoming the Potential shortfalls in Supply

10.1 Stockpiling

10.2 Recycling

10.3 Substitution

10.4 Material Shortfall Strategies by Various Rare Earth Consumers

11. Key Player Profiles

11.1 Lynas Corporation

11.2 Molycorp Minerals

11.3 Arafura Resources Ltd

11.4 Great Western Minerals Group Ltd

11.5 Avalon Rare Metals Inc

11.6 Greenland Minerals & Energy Ltd

11.7 Alkane Resources Ltd

To buy the complete report or to get a free sample:

Call: +91-120-425-6531 (Asia), +44-844-774-9660 (Europe), +1-631-791-1145 (America)


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About International Market Analysis & Research Consulting

For more than 5 years, the International Market Analysis Research and Consulting Group has been a leading advisor on management strategy and market research worldwide. We partner with clients in all sectors and regions to identify their highest-value opportunities, address their most critical challenges, and transform their businesses.
IMARC's information products include major market, scientific, economic and technological developments for business leaders in pharmaceutical, industrial, and high technology organizations. Market forecasts and industry analysis for biotechnology, advanced materials, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, travel and tourism, nanotechnology and novel processing methods are at the top of the company's expertise.
IMARC's tailored approach combines unfathomable insight into the dynamics of companies and markets with close cooperation at all levels of the client organization. This ensures that our clients achieve unmatchable competitive advantage, build more proficient organizations, and secure lasting results.

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Press Release Submitted On: August 02, 2011 at 3:27 am
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