Knoxville, TN (PressExposure) July 10, 2009 -- There have been many forms of therapies used to treat addiction to psychoactive substances such as drugs and alcohol. One notable treatment is the use of the Twelve-Step Program. The Twelve-Step Program (12 Step Program) is based on the principles being taught by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), a group intended to help people stop their alcoholism. However, aside from the 12-Step Program, other therapies such as the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy along with the use of Motivation Therapy have proven to be effective as an adult and adolescent drug treatment and alcohol addictions.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to influence dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure. CBT treatments, as an adult and adolescent drug treatment, have received empirical support for efficacious treatment of a variety of clinical and non-clinical problems, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse disorders, and psychotic disorders. It is used in individual therapy as well as in group settings, and the techniques are also commonly adapted for self-help applications.
CBT includes a variety of approaches and therapeutic systems; some of the most well known include cognitive therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy and multimodal therapy. Defining the scope of what constitutes a cognitiveâbehavioral therapy is a difficulty that has persisted throughout its development. The particular therapeutic techniques vary within the different approaches of CBT according to the particular kind of problem issues, but commonly may include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognitions, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting.
Motivation Therapy is a combination of humanistic treatment and enhanced cognitive-behavioral strategies, designed to treat substance abuse. The focus of motivational therapy is encouraging a patient to develop a negative view of their abuse, along with a desire to change their behavior. A motivational therapist does not explicitly advocate change and tends to avoid directly contradicting their patient, but instead expresses empathy, develops discrepancy, rolls with resistance, and supports self-efficacy. Often, a methadone treatment or similar adult and adolescent drug treatment such as CBT is used in conjunction with motivational therapy.
Some suggest that the success of motivational therapy is highly dependent on the quality of the therapist involved and, like all therapies, has no guaranteed result. Others explain the frequent successes of motivational therapy by noting that the patient is the ultimate source of change, choosing to reduce their dependency on drugs.