Livonia, Michigan (PressExposure) October 15, 2009 -- When dissolved urinary minerals crystallize and turn into solid concretations inside the kidney physicians say that kidney stones have formed. When the kidney stones, medically known as renal calculis are form they appear like tiny solid particles, even smaller than granules of sand but gradually grow closer to an inch. At the initial phase kidney stones do not create any kinds of problems but as they grow bigger in size they fall into the ureter and create obstruction in the way of passage of urine. This is a reason why kidney stones rarely get detected at early stages. However size of a kidney stone or renal calculi is not as much important as its location or position is.
As the kidney functions like a filter that makes urine with the waste products inside our body, obstruction in the ureter causes pain in the kidney. But in most cases pressure build up in the kidney helps in moving the stones to the urinary bladder along the ureter's course. as the stones enter the urinary bladder, the obstruction in the ureter is removed and the kidney pain lessens. Apart from kidney pain, dilation of upper ureter, muscle spasm of ureter, pain in lower abdomen and groin are caused due to obstruction caused by kidney stones or renal calculis. Sometimes, groin pain (erenal colic) lead to nausea, vomiting as well as damage to the urinary tract which causes bleeding. Other common symptoms of kidney stones are Hematuria, Pyuria (pus in urine), Dysuria (burning on urination) and oliguria (reduction in volume of released urine due to obstruction of bladder),
There are different types of stones or crystals that form in the kidney. But the most common are calcium oxalate stones and calcium phosphate stones. In some rare cases, struvite stones that are produced by urea-splitting bacteria are also found. Besides, abnormalities in metabolism sometimes leads to formation of cystine stones.
Presence of stones or renal calculi in the kindney or ureter is not at all a fatal physical disorder. It's just a temporary obstruction which gets diagnosed and removed very quickly. Radiological studies and ultrasound are the most common processes for diagnosis of kidney stones. Urine and blood tests are also performed in most cases. When the stones create no problems, waiting is the best option and in cases of patients havinfg pain, the first step is taken to control the pain. Pain caused by kidney stones can be controlled by anti-inflammatory drugs. Besides, soundwaves are applied to shatter big stones into smaller pieces. Formation of kidney stone is something that can be prevented by drinking lots of water.
Treatment of the infection in kidney and pain are main treatments for kidney stones. There are medicines for such treatments but in severe situations surgeries are also done to remove the stones from kidney. Being an urological disorder, an urologist is the best person to diagnose and treat people suffering from symptoms of presence of kidney stones. In rare cases do kidney stones turns fatal so there is no need to panic. Thanks to the increased availability of urologists all over the world, getting relief from symptoms of kidney stones has become a very simple issue but its important to notice the symptom and contact an urologist in time. if you are suffering from any of the symptoms stated above check out the availability of urologists near your place now.