Lawrence Township, New Jersey (PressExposure) November 16, 2009 -- It is the fuel that gives energy to the body. Whenever due to some problem in the body the glucose present in our blood is not transmitted to the body cells, then diabetes is caused. The cells do not get glucose while the level of sugar in the blood increases. This occurs due to the inability of the pancreas to create the required amount of insulin. Insulin makes the transportation of glucose in the blood to the body cells possible.
Medication for diabetes is nowadays easily available for the treatment of people who are suffering from this illness. However, just these medicines cannot cure the disease. Medicines along with thorough exercise, proper diet and monitoring of sugar level in the blood can help to keep blood sugar under control.
Doctors prescribe medication for diabetes on the basis of its type. The body fails to produce required amount of insulin in case of the first type. Taking injections of insulin daily can help for combating the deficiency of insulin for the people who suffer from this type of diabetes.
In diabetes of the second type, insulin is produced by the pancreas. But this is unable to have sufficient effect on the body cells. A wide variety of medication for diabetes is available for the doctor to prescribe in this kind of diabetes depending on the case details.
Insulin injection is generally given into body tissue known as adipose tissue. It is then absorbed into the blood. Insulin is available in various types. Some last for a long time. Other insulin acts quickly. Always be sure of consulting your doctor before choosing the insulin as he can choose the correct insulin depending on the type of your diabetes and lifestyle.
Doctors prescribe insulin depending on three parameters, that are onset, peak time and duration. Physicians generally prescribe a combination of these three types. Insulin pump has become very popular now since a few decades as it facilitates independence and flexibility.
People suffering from the second type are prescribed oral medication.
They are of six types such as:
Sulfonylureas increase the production of insulin. But one side effect is that it lowers the blood sugar level abnormally. It also does not function after some time.
Biguanides decreases the level of glucose production in the body. They also reduce weight.
Meglitinides are taken before a meal. It increases insulin production. Thiazolidinediones promotes the body cells in accepting insulin. But they can lead to heart attacks.
DPP-4 Inhibitors are newly developed. It lowers the level of sugar in the blood. It blocks an enzyme action known as dipeptidyle peptidase IV.
Consult about the side effects of medication for diabetes such as metallic taste, appetite loss, diarrhea, gas and bloating with your physician before taking these drugs.