Milk and Dairy Products in India - Production, Consumption and Exports

Navi Mumbai, India (PressExposure) January 07, 2010 -- "Milk and Dairy Products in India - Production, Consumption and Exports " ([]) Starting from an analysis of the economic and social environment, the report looks at drivers and impediments of growth of dairy sector in India. It gives statistics and insights into domestic market dynamics of liquid milk, dairy fats (butter and ghee), curd, processed cheese, table butter as well as for traditional Indian dairy products like khoa, paneer, chhana etc. The report has detailed country-wise export statistics for each dairy product for the years 2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08 and April-December 2008. The report has forecast of production, consumption and exports for years up to 2012 / 2013. Contact details of all major dairy companies are also included.

The report covers the following areas:

Macro-environment for dairy industry in general including forecasts for growth Statutory and regulatory environment Livestock herd size from 1951 to 2012 including state-wise number of crossbred cows, non-descript cows, buffaloes and goats Disease scenario in Indian dairy animals Fodder demand-supply up to 2025 Milk production from 1950 to 2012 State-wise milk production and source-animals Milk quality standards and problems Liquid milk per capita consumption trends from 1993-94 to 2004-05 Changes in per capita rural and urban consumption of milk & milk products from 1987 to 2007 Milk & milk products consumption – drivers of growth Percentage of milk converted to products Dairy fats – butter and ghee – production and consumption from 2002 to 2013 Page No. 2 Market for curd / yogurt, paneer (cottage cheese) / chhanna / chhanna based sweets, processed cheese, khoa / mawa, condensed milk / dairy whiteners, milk powder Milk & milk products prices in relation to price rise for food articles Purchase price of milk from farmers SMP prices from 2001-02 to 2008-09


Milk production is growing at 3% p.a. Per capita milk availability growing at only 1.5% p.a. Ghee (clarified butter) consumption growing at 9% Table Butter & cheese consumption growing at 10% Demand for dairy products will soon exceed supply India will find it difficult to sustain dairy exports India will turn net importer of dairy products

India is the largest producer of milk producing more than 100 million tons of milk per annum. Yet, her per capita milk consumption is around 250 g per day.India has a population of more than 1 billion with diverse food habits, cultures, traditions and religions. Regional variations within the country can be mind boggling. On one hand, the country has plains with long tradition of milk production and consumption. On the other hand, there are forest and hilly regions with no tradition of dairying. Most of coastal belts also do not have much of dairy tradition. Cow is holy for Hindus who make up more than 80 per cent of the population of India. Buffalo enjoys no such holy status. Cow slaughter is banned in many states of India. There are no restrictions on buffalo culling.

All this makes India a very complex dairy country.

Till about year 2000, India was not on the radar screen of most international dairy companies, since India was neither a major importer nor an exporter of dairy products. Through the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s India used to take some milk powder and butter oil as aid. Exports from India were insignificantly small. From 2000 onwards, Indian dairy products, particularly milk powder, casein, whey products and ghee started making their presence felt in global markets.

India’s milk production will continue to grow at about 3 per cent per annum in spite of difficulties due to stagnant livestock herd size and shortage of fodder. Due to increasing population, per capita availability of milk will increase by only about 1.5 per cent per annum. For an economy growing at about 6 per cent per annum, this increase in availability will be grossly inadequate. Production growing at only 3 per cent and consumption growing at more than double the rate is obviously going to lead to a mismatch between demand and supply. This will create opportunities for international dairy companies.

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Press Release Submitted On: January 06, 2010 at 10:22 pm
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