4814 Marietta Street Rohnert Park, CA (PressExposure) April 23, 2009 -- Diacetylmorphine, or commonly known in its street name as heroin, is used as a recreational drug for the profound relaxation and intense euphoria it produces. Overuse of heroin starts when the effects are diminished with increased tolerance to the drug, thus requiring a person to increase their intake of the drug to attain the effects of heroin.
Heroin's popularity with recreational drug users reportedly stems from its perceived different effects. In particular, users report an intense "rush" that occurs while the heroin is being metabolized. Any intravenous opioid will induce rapid, profound effects, but heroin produces more euphoria than other opioids upon injection.
One common heroin addiction treatment used in many drug rehabs is the approach called Psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a body of ideas devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior and developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and his followers. Psychoanalysis has three applications:
A method of investigation of the mind.
A systematized set of theories about human behavior.
A method of treatment of psychological or emotional illness.
This type of heroin addiction treatment suggests that the main cause of addiction is the unconscious need to entertain and to enact various kinds of perverse fantasies, and at the same time to avoid taking responsibility for this. It is hypothesized that specific drugs facilitate specific fantasies. Also, using drugs is considered to be a displacement from, and a concomitant of, the compulsion to masturbate while entertaining perverse fantasies.
The addiction syndrome is also hypothesized to be associated with life trajectories that have occurred within the context of traumatogenic processes, the phases of which include social, cultural and political factors, encapsulation, traumatophilia, and masturbation as a form of self-soothing.
This kind of heroin addiction treatment lies in stark contrast to the approaches of social cognitive theory to addictionâand indeed, to behavior in generalâwhich holds that human beings regulate and control their own environment, including cognitive environments, and are not merely driven by internal, driving impulses.
Using the various analytic theories of psychoanalysis to assess mental problems, several particular constellations of problems are suited for analytic techniques whereas other problems respond better to medicines and different interpersonal interventions.