Treatments to Alcohol and Drug Addiction

Knoxville, TN (PressExposure) May 20, 2009 -- The number of adolescent and teenager addicts have become a major problem across the world. Almost every community around the world, especially among the younger generation, is developed by therapists across the world to help addicts recover from their addiction and live a more fitting life than that from addiction. Treatments to addiction vary greatly on the kind of substance used by the individual, if it was alcohol or prohibited drugs such as heroin or cocaine. suffering from addiction to psychoactive substances particularly with alcohol and drugs. Several adolescent addiction treatment have been

Alcoholism Treatment

For alcoholism adolescent addiction treatment, treatments include:

* Detoxification. Alcohol detoxification or 'detox' for alcoholics is an abrupt stop of alcohol drinking coupled with the substitution of drugs that have similar effects to prevent alcohol withdrawal.

* Group Therapy. After detoxification, various forms of group therapy or psychotherapy can be used to deal with underlying psychological issues that are related to alcohol addiction, as well as provide relapse prevention skills. Such methods use the 12 Step Program published by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).

* Rationing and Moderation. Rationing and moderation programs such as Moderation Management and DrinkWise do not mandate complete abstinence. While most alcoholics are unable to limit their drinking in this way, some return to moderate drinking.


Medications. A variety of medications such as Disulfiram, Naltrexone, Acomprosate, and Topiramate may be prescribed as part of treatment for alcoholism. These medications work by decreasing the intake of alcohol due to side effects caused by these medication. For example: intake of disulfiram causes severe discomfort when alcohol is ingested: an extremely fast-acting and long-lasting uncomfortable hangover.

Drug Addiction Treatment

For drug adolescent addiction treatment, treatments include:

* Detoxification. Just like alcohol detox, drug detox aims at lessening the physical effects caused by the additive substances. As drug detoxification only deals with the physical dependency and addition to drugs, it does not address the psychological aspects of drug addiction. This stage entails obtaining agreement from the patient to complete the process by enrolling in a drug rehabilitation program.

* 12 Step Program. One of many recovery methods is the 12 step recovery program, with prominent examples including Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. They are commonly known and used for a variety of addictions for the individual addicted and the family of the individual.

* Anti-Addictive Drug. Other forms of treatment include replacement drugs such as methadone or buprenorphine, used as a substitute for illicit opiate drugs such as heroin and cocaine. It works the same way as medications are used in alcoholism. Methadone intake usually reduces the appetite for and need to take heroin, and also provide cross-tolerance and block the euphoric effects of other opioids such as heroin and morphine or codeine, thus greatly reducing the motivation of patients to use them.

About Self-employed

Donna Sparks is a Professor and a Consultant Physician. Other than her clinical and local teaching commitments, she also continues to enjoy the privileges of research, writing and lecturing.

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Press Release Submitted On: May 20, 2009 at 10:45 pm
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