Knoxville, TN (PressExposure) June 10, 2009 -- Alcoholism is one of the many forms of addiction that could affect both adult and adolescent alike. Sudden withdrawal from alcohol causes majority of the deaths connected with withdrawal syndromes. Unlike withdrawals from other drugs, alcohol withdrawal can be deadly. The withdrawal syndrome from alcohol can include seizures, delirium tremens, and may even lead to excito-neurotoxicity, or the process of damaging and killing the nerve cells by glutamate and similar substances. Because of this, several treatments and adolescent alcohol treatment have been formed to address alcoholism.
Most adult and adolescent alcohol treatment focus on helping people discontinue their alcohol intake. This is usually followed up with life training and/or social support in order to help the patients refrain from returning to alcohol use. Since alcoholism involves multiple factors that encourage a person to continue drinking, they must all be addressed in order to successfully prevent a relapse. Examples of this kind of treatment include detoxification followed by a combination of supportive therapy, attendance at self-help groups, and ongoing development of coping mechanisms.
Alcohol detoxification, as an adolescent alcohol treatment, is regarded as the abrupt or sudden cessation or stop of alcohol intake coupled with the substitution of alcohol with cross-tolerant drugs that have similar effects in order to prevent alcohol withdrawal. Benzodiazepines such as chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan) or oxazepam (Serax) are the most commonly used drugs chosen to reduce alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification treats the physical effects of prolonged use of alcohol, but does not actually treat alcoholism. After detox is completed, relapse is likely without further treatment. These rehabilitations (or 'rehabs') may take place in an inpatient or outpatient setting.
Group Therapy or Psychotherapy
After detoxification, various forms of therapy such as group therapy or psychotherapy can be used to deal with underlying psychological issues that are related to alcohol addiction, as well as provide relapse prevention skills. Psychotherapy is an intentional interpersonal relationship used by trained psychotherapists to aid a client, whereas group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients as a cluster.
The mutual-help group-counseling approach is one of the most common ways of helping alcoholics maintain sobriety. Many organizations have been formed to provide this service. Alcoholics Anonymous was the first of these groups. Now it has more members than all other programs combined.