Rohnert Park, CA (PressExposure) June 08, 2009 -- Another form of psychoactive drug which causes the majority of drug addiction today is diazepam, more commonly known as valium. Diazepam or valium possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative, skeletal muscle relaxant and amnestic properties. It is commonly used for treating anxiety, insomnia, seizures, muscle spasms, alcohol withdrawal and benzodiazepine withdrawal. Though considered as a useful medication, diazem has a potential to be abused and used for addiction.
Valium As A Form Of Addiction
A single dose of diazepam modulates the dopamine system in similar ways to how morphine and alcohol modulate the dopaminergic pathways. Benzodiazepines including diazepam in animal studies have been shown to increase reward-seeking behaviors by increasing impulsivity, which may suggest an increased risk of addictive behavioral patterns with usage of diazepam or other benzodiazepines. Diazepam has also been found as a substance that should not be taken along with heroin.
Diazepam drug misuse can occur either through recreational misuse where the drug is taken to achieve a high or when the drug is continued long term against medical advice. Sometimes diazepam is used by stimulant users to 'come down', sleep and to help control the urge to binge.
A large-scale nationwide USA government study conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration or SAMHSA found that benzodiazepines, such as diazepam, in the USA are the most frequently abused pharmaceutical with 35% of drug-related visits to the Emergency Department involved benzodiazepines. According to california drug rehab center specialists, benzodiazepines such as diazepam are more commonly abused than opiate pharmaceuticals, which accounted for 32% of visits to the emergency department. No other pharmaceutical is more commonly abused than benzodiazepines.
People At A High Risk of Addiction and Abuse
*People with a history of alcohol or drug abuse or dependence. Diazepam increases craving for alcohol in problem alcohol consumers. Diazepam also increases the volume of alcohol consumed by problem drinkers.
*People with severe personality disorders, such as Borderline Personality Disorder.
Patients from the aforementioned groups should be monitored very closely during therapy for signs of abuse and development of dependence. According to california drug rehab center therapists and professionals, patients suspected of being physiologically addicted to benzodiazepine drugs should be very gradually tapered off the drug. Although rare, withdrawals can be life-threatening particularly when excessive doses have been taken for extended periods of time.